Jiu Jitsu, or Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, is a wrestling-based martial art that has evolved greatly since its Japanese roots when it first arrived in Brazil in the 1920s. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu continued to evolve for many decades until its current form. This style of fighting became very popular throughout the northern hemisphere after a series of performances by fighter Royce Gracie in the early days of the UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) which became MMA (Mixed Martial Arts), where he fought against competitors who practiced different martial arts. This competition proved the effectiveness of Brazilian Ju Jitsu and helped to raise awareness around the world, becoming one of the reasons for the growth of this martial art, which would become a fighting sport in its own right.
The history of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is mainly associated with one man, Mitsuyo Maeda, known in Brazil as Conde Coma. Mitsuyo Maeda was one of the star students of Jigoro Kano, the founder of what is now known as Judo. Indeed, although Kano is widely recognized as the father of Judo, his teaching style was initially considered Jiu Jitsu. Kano therefore asked Maeda to make his master's style known. Maeda traveled the world presenting Jiu Jitsu in arenas and circuses, crossing the United States, England and many other countries before landing in Brazil. It was in this South American country that BJJ had its heyday, where many BJJ schools were established and where the greatest Jiu Jitsu fighters are now found.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a martial art, combat sport and self-defense system that focuses on wrestling and especially ground fighting. 95% of the techniques and movements of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu are performed on the ground, including how to make ground holds and joint keys, but especially how to get out of them. The objective of a Jiu Jitsu fight is to get the opponent to surrender and give up. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu was formed from the fundamental principles of ground fighting in Judo. Thus, the principle of bringing to the ground remains paramount in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
As a martial art, but more importantly as a combat sport, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu also has its own rules of competition. The main thing to know is that it is strictly forbidden to strike with fists, feet, knees and any other part of the body. In order to win a Jiu Jitsu match, a choke or a joint key will be used to make the opponent give up.
It is important to know that the person who practices BJJ is called "jujitsuka". Finally, there is no dress code for practicing Jiu Jitsu in training. You can equip yourself with a BJJ GI, a BJJ rashguard or any other compression garment to avoid any friction. You can even practice shirtless with only MMA shorts. Furthermore, in competition, wearing a kimono, called a "gi", is mandatory.